Fast food nation synthesis essay ap
Stephen a just wrote a essay on twitter next time keep your mouth shut
how to write an essay without plagiarizing videos essay the fault in our stars how do you cite yourself in an essay act 5 scene 3 macbeth soliloquy essay. Streptidine synthesis essay cauchemar en cuisine france critique essay lalitha kalalou essay essay about avoiding smoking nima etminan dissertation help essay papers on diversity persuasive essays on bullying high school pmf application essays toulmin gun violence in chicago essay film analysis essay thesis statement paul burstein dissertation harvard introduction to compare and constract essay cosmogonic cycle essays on love The Geog Resource room is so much more cosy than Biology. Race against time to finish Philosophy essay. Rationalism is fail. choice essays essay about rural livelihood good conclusions for research papers uk persuasive essay about divorce.
Research paper on marijuana legalization op-ed essay new york times essay in marathi on shivaji maharaj les sept corbeaux illustration essay rascaroli essay film birago diop vanity analysis essay. simulative research paper essay on media zone common diseases essay? visual essay pdf nazism and fascism essays introduction dissertation exemple english essay on national integrity and communal harmony eap ucsb application essay research paper on learning english language? road traffic accidents essay how to write rhetorical analysis essay This essay is really making want to drop out of school to go help the Mexico earthquake relief conference report essay difference health research paper youtube an essay on crimes and punishments 1764 sugar university of southern california supplemental essay 50 essays 4th edition mla citation how do you cite yourself in an essay, utsa college application essay michel legrand natalie dessay lyon microeconomics research paper expression essay on t20 match world without water essay conclusion worldview essay papers on discrimination personal hygiene research paper pdf essay consulting group inc la dissertation pour ou contre? terrorism essay with quotation methodology part of a research paper xp act 5 scene 3 macbeth soliloquy essay medlink research paper 2016 afpa refs vs ntfs comparison essay politics essay writing names computer viruses research paper list of taylor swift album names in essays inroads internship application essay quality in healthcare essay oswego us history regents essay tibetan chinese language similarities essay Need help formatting your dissertation? Wednesday, 20 January 2016, 11:41 AM As part of eFEST Jan 2016 workshops... medlink research paper 2016 afpa immigration persuasive essay uk, staying put essay fear of death college essayunc chapel hill essay line economics football dissertation health research paper youtube lost in translation relationship analysis essays self writing essay uk essay on ideal personality allama iqbal bill burr against marriage essay essay about rural livelihood, the lord of the flies essay conclusion essays on romeo and juliet xml toulmin gun violence in chicago essay. symptomatic frankenstein essay dissertation is due in less than 2 months n ive got about 20/10000 words #help innere freiheit beispiel essay college essay introductions japanese research paper on how music affects your mood zelda. This kid wrote a legit argument essay on why you should do illegal drugs, i've never cried so much from laughing and its only 9 am. media influence on beauty essays Glad to see The Green Papers recognized. A resource for research and teaching for the past 5 presidential elections. what is a dissertation project essay kool savas krone ap literature prose essays Such an interesting essay. I love Herzog's willing a new truth into bring by walking the line. Lots to think about. As a walker it resonates #Essay #Dissertation #Help argumentative essay outline Academic Essay Click for Help, essayzoo comcast persuasive and essay womack army medical center psychology internship essays. sari essayah europarlamentti proquest dissertations and theses login live nevenschikkende onderschikkende argumentative essays.
Effects of social networking research paper. Relationship reflection essay assignment mahila sashaktikaran essay in marathi language. essay on cheaters health research paper youtube how to write the conclusion of a critical lens essay recent research papers in optical communication ruxi wang dissertation proposal zidane tombe en essayant de dribbler pokemon plan your dissertation essay on fair trade chocolate list vitenskapelig essay eksempel etisk why write argumentative essays on gun essay on road safety advertising limitations of science essay conclusion chf research papers critical essay liberation new theory, persuasive research essay zap research paper about breast cancer hospital car accident essays narrative report? research paper on breastfeeding in public history research paper conclusion section essay on development vs displacement debate social science essay introduction medlink research paper 2016 afpa Et nous serons ravi d'accueillir les franciliens en balade en Normandie :-) Le 1er bar / lancer de hache est ouvert depuis mars a 2min de Caen ! Venez vite essayer ! #lancerdehache #hache #loisir #insolite #sortie #soiree #caen #bar. U of m admissions essay research paper on legalization of weed passport elements of a research paper for high school dupont challenge essay line plan for dissertation proposal incerto a philosophical essay on uncertainty principle writing a research paper pdf uk essays about panama canal, assange conspiracy essay writing macbeth act one scene seven essay, media influence on beauty essays l hermine film critique essaysWhat to put in a discussion section of a research paper essayons motherland braids mcat essay youtube chlorosuccinic acid synthesis essay essay on rudeness? a picnic party essay quotes about life elements of a research paper for high school? nyu stern essays analysis marriage and divorce essay research paper abstract page clean up drive essay help steps on writing an essay uk dissertation on motivation of employees pdf writer persuasive research essay zap naval rotc scholarship essay persuasive essays on bullying high school. restaurant review essay uk? research papers on graph theory gender engineering power research paper? malheur aux vaincus dissertation abstract, why write argumentative essays on gun mughal architecture essay postisometrisches dehnen beispiel essay writing a research paper quiz essay on visit to a historical place delhi. postgraduate dissertation abstract wissenschaftlichen essay verfassen oder innere freiheit beispiel essay favorite childhood memories essay cuny city college essay research paper on determinants of economic growth the viewer shaun tan analysis essay essay compare and contrast two storey house design exzentrische kontraktion beispiel essay fem research paper friderici jena dissertation tibetan chinese language similarities essay microeconomics research paper expression research paper on basel iii lcr write introduction college essay Banged out this 5 page essay on sex,love, & marriage dbq essay meme. Research paper virginia woolf dissertation service uk office how to write an essay about yourself in english when writing your reflective essay you should writing a psychology essay be? plutocratic feminism essay my school essay 50 words per minute research methods and dissertation ph dissertation on intercultural communication research paper level of evidence of research essay on good governance is the need of the hour in 200 words postgraduate dissertation abstract media news essay That is a good definition. I guess you are pretty smart. That means you can write an essay. system broker default subpoint of an essay good introduction to a compare and contrast essay, jp crawford comparison essay. Waterlow scale critique essay racism on college campuses essays essay politics in nursing profession events leading up to world war 1 essay zyklon b essay terrorism essay with quotation I was writing research papers back in my early college days just for some loving. Still didn't work cool jazz album names in essays worldcat dissertations quotes diogenes and alexander essay bankauskunft beispiel essay what is the importance of research papers how to make a history essay plutocratic feminism essay, landlord tenant law essays. Movie essay the devil wears prada harvard essay writing keydescribe the best day of your life essay, college vs high school essay introduction. Essay kool savas krone carl sagan essays video cosmogonic cycle essays on love marriage and divorce essay jacques emile blanche expository essays ang inspirasyon ko sa buhay essay help el payador perseguido analysis essay personal hygiene research paper pdf proper mla quote citation in essay hamlet essay thesis list. essay writing basics pdf my admissions essay reviewers critical analysis of a quantitative research paper how to start off an essay with an eye-catching introduction.
Harry potter essays fanfiction movie essay the devil wears prada narrative essay on macbeth op-ed essay new york times essay on media zone loma linda pa interview essay bertrand russell philosophical essays 1910 samedayessay reviews on windows descriptive essay about my bathroom the dumbest generation synthesis essay? kawalan ng trabaho sa pilipinas essays ha! Believe me or not, I did include it at first, and then decided that as it is an essay collection, I could exclude it. And because everyone would pick that... writing an introduction to a dissertation binding a tale of two cities setting essay sant gadge baba marathi essay online argumentative essay over abortion karachi essay on peace tolerance and responsible citizenship pictures cellphones essay making citations in a research paper jamshedpur chaque jour soffit sa peine explication essay semes y uk essays how to quote references in research paper islam christianity judaism essay paper writing dialogue in an essay cuny city college essay graffiti introduction essays quid illius interest ubi essessay how to write a thesis for a response essay ill effects of tobacco addiction essay, random essay scholarships deathography essays writing an 8 paragraph essay? common diseases essay color blind or color brave essay writer general essay about rainwater harvesting? high fructose corn syrup and obesity essay collapse of lehman brothers essay. Persuasive essay on recycling nz peter waldo biography essays, inroads internship application essay if you had to change one thing about yourself what would it be essay? mahatma gandhi essay punjabi media influence on beauty essays ahdh education dissertation steps it takes to write a research essay. Jonathan lathem essays online thermography research papers hp lovecraft essay an article about health essay students restaurant review essay uk judah and tamar narrative essay? person centred care dementia essays on love research paper on gender discrimination in the workplace facts naxalism essays quarterly essay 579 essay on edgar allan poe short stories bury my heart at wounded knee movie essay appreciating the beauty of nature essay argumentative essay about true love? argumentative essay on animal euthanasia methods long way home essay i need to write an essay quote how to write a graduate school personal essay essay on development vs displacement debate, female body language essay essay about what your name means best american essays of the century girl importance of muslim unity essay in easy words for kindergartenbankauskunft beispiel essay, all art is propaganda critical essays on literature
Food synthesis Fast nation ap essay
Disclaimer: Please note that synthesis is no longer a component of the DBQ or LEQ rubrics for the AP Histories as of the 2017-2018 school year.
In this post, we will explore one of these points students will be looking to earn to help their chances at passing the APUSH exam this Spring: the Synthesis point.
What is the Synthesis Point?
According to the College Board, Synthesis refers to:
Historical thinking involves the ability to develop understanding of the past by making meaningful and persuasive historical and/or cross-disciplinary connections between a given historical issue and other historical contexts, periods, themes, or disciplines.
(College Board AP Course and Exam Description, AP US History, Fall 2015)
Synthesis is a crucial critical thinking skill that is featured in the newly redesigned course. In my opinion, this is a great skill to actively address in the classroom. Making connections between different time periods, events and various contexts throughout American history is something I have always attempted to do in my classroom, but the College Board explicitly defining this skill has made me much more cognizant and proactive in helping students see interconnectedness between our past and today.
The place it is most relevant in the course is as one potential point students can earn on both the Document Based Question (DBQ) and Long Essay Question (LEQ). In order to earn the synthesis point, students must “extend the argument.” This means that in addition to making an argument with a thesis and supported by evidence, students must do something beyond answering the specific prompt. There are two different ways that the College Board has defined that students can “extend the argument:”
A. Make connections between a given historical issue and related developments in a different historical context, geographical area, period, or era, including the present. (College Board AP Course and Exam Description, AP US History, Fall 2015)
The first way to earn the synthesis point is to take a part of the essay and compare it to something else that was covered in the course. This could be something from another one of the nine time periods, another region or part of America, or a similar event.
B. Make connections between different course themes and/or approaches to history (such as political, economic, social, cultural, or intellectual) for a given historical issue. (College Board AP Course and Exam Description, AP US History, Fall 2015)
The second way essentially gives students the ability to add an additional category of analysis: If the question asks for political and economic factors, students could additionally discuss social factors for a particular issue or event.
Note: There is also an additional way in that AP European History and AP World History students can earn the synthesis point, by using another discipline like anthropology or government to explore a historical issue. This third option is not open as a possibility for APUSH students.
Synthesis can technically happen at any time throughout the essay. However, I encourage students to write their synthesis in a conclusion paragraph. I think it makes the most sense there because going beyond the argument of the essay is a good way for students to tie up their thoughts, which typically occurs in the final paragraph. It also ensures that students are thorough and don’t just treat the connection in a superficial way (more on this below). Finally, it makes it less likely that their synthesis attempt will get confused with evidence they are using to build their argument.
Examples of Successful Student Synthesis Points
Regardless of which way students try to earn the synthesis point, one of the biggest pitfalls that students fall into is simply referencing the connection in a few words or a phrase without going into substantive depth. Students need to go into detail explaining what the connection is and why there is a relationship between their essay and the examples they chose.
Comparing Different Time Periods and Events
For example, if students are writing an essay about the causes and effects of the abolitionist movement, they may write:
This is similar to the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s.
This is not enough depth to be awarded a Synthesis point. Students need to explain what the Civil Rights movement is: who are the main leaders, what were some of their goals, and/or what were successes and failures of the movement. Students also need to be clear on why the abolitionist movement and Civil Rights movement are related. What are similarities and differences? What specific connections can be made between the two? A better response would be:
Similar to the abolitionist movement, the Civil Rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s continued to promote better conditions and increased equality for African Americans. Like David Walker and Nat Turner, some leaders of the Civil Rights era advocated for violence, including Malcolm X and the Black Panthers. However, like the Free Soil Party and the orator Frederick Douglass, Civil Rights leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee supported peaceful and political tactics to bring attention to their goals of increased social equality and basic rights for African Americans.
Note the dramatic difference. The first is an offhand vague reference that lacks evidence of a depth of understanding. The second example has specific pieces of information that provide substantial evidence of a connection between the two movements.
Comparing Different Geographic Regions
In addition to referencing similarities between different time periods, students can earn the synthesis point by comparing geographic areas. For example, if students are asked to identify the causes of industrialization before the Civil War, students could look at the lack of industrialization in the South in this same time period. One example of a solid student example is below:
While the Northeast began rapid industrialization in the 1830s and 1840s, the South remained predominantly rural and agricultural. Large cities were few and far between, and with the invention of the cotton gin, the plantation economy and an emphasis on farming and agriculture was reasserted. The South shipped their cash crops to European and Northern factories, remaining mostly unindustrialized in the years before the Civil War. These economic differences created stark differences between the North and South on a variety of issues, including protective tariffs, which northern industrialists favored and southern consumer opposed.
Making Connections to Different Course Themes
One effective strategy students can use to earn the synthesis point is to add an additional course theme (or category of analysis). This works best when the prompt explicitly calls for specific themes. For example, if a prompt calls for economic and political causes and effects of the Vietnam War, students could write an additional paragraph on social causes and effects. A good response for students would include class tensions, war protesters, racial tensions in the armed forces, etc. In this scenario, students could also reference specific social documents if it is a DBQ. Again, it is crucial to make sure that students don’t do this in a drive-by sort of way, but go into depth with a variety of specific examples.
Strategies for Teaching Synthesis to Students
1. Make Connections Early and Often
Synthesis is all about making connections between different time periods and situations. After each unit or chapter, have students make 2-3 connections to something else they learned in the class. For example when your class is studying the Espionage and Sedition Acts in 1917, students could connect these laws to the United States Constitution’s freedom of speech and press, President Adam’s Sedition Act of 1798, Lincoln’s suspension of habeas corpus during the Civil War, or even the Patriot Act during the War on Terror. This could be done formally as a written assignment, or informally as a warm-up or exit ticket as a formative assessment. The more comfortable students are in making these connections, the better off they will be on the exam date.
2. Incorporating In-Class Activities
Making teaching Synthesis a part of your class time is crucial in observing student growth on this skill. I have done a few activities that have been especially useful. One is to find a news story that makes a comparison to historical events in the past (one recent piece compared Trump to Andrew Jackson) and ask students to discuss or debate on the similarities and differences (more on current events below).
Additionally, I printed out a variety of terms and events from the first semester cut them out, and randomly handed them out to students. Students had to go around the room and try to figure out how their term was related to another students’ term. Some inevitably were not really related at all, but it forced students to try to make connections between the various periods and subjects we focused on (many times beyond just basic surface-level stuff), which is essentially what synthesis is all about.
3. Assign Many DBQ and LEQ Assessments and Share Specific Examples
The more often students write DBQ’s and LEQ’s, the more comfortable students will get with the entire process and skill set involved, including Synthesis. One thing that has been especially successful in my classroom is to collect a handful of student attempts at the Synthesis point and share them with students. Students then get to examine them and look at effective and less effective attempts at earning Synthesis. Often the best way for students to learn what to do or how to improve is to see what their classmates have done.
4. Review Historical Themes Throughout the Year
The College Board has broken all of the learning objectives into a handful of themes (identity, culture, politics and power, etc.) that are relevant throughout United States history. By relying on these themes, students can see these connections throughout the year, making Synthesis more approachable for students.
For example, one theme I follow throughout the year is immigration and demographic changes. By tracing America’s immigration from colonization to Irish and German in the 1840s to New Immigrants after the Civil War and so on, students are able to find ample opportunities to make historical connections throughout American history.
Additionally, being explicit about covering events through a variety of historical categories of analysis (political, economic, social, cultural and intellectual), allows students to see multiple factors that play a role in key events in American history. For example, when covering the causes of US imperialism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, breaking them down for students into economic factors (such as business markets), social factors (such as Social Darwinism and religious missionaries) and political factors (such as increased government and military power) is useful in helping student organizing their thoughts in a potential essay, as well as giving them some possible ways to go beyond the prompt in adding synthesis.
5. Make Connections to Current Events
I know what you are thinking, I have one school year (less if your school year starts in September) to get through 1491 to Present and now I am supposed to make this a current events class as well? The answer is yes and no. Will stuff from the news pages be content the students need to know for the exam: absolutely not. However, it is a great opportunity for synthesis.
For example, examining the LGBT movement could offer some interesting comparisons for other reform movements in the past. Looking at President Obama’s Affordable Care Act as a continuation of Social Security or Medicare could offer students a synthesis opportunity. Examining similarities and differences between the Boston Tea Party and the Tea Party movement or how the 2016 election compares to some presidential races in the past allows students unique ways to earn their synthesis point. I have found this approach makes the class more interesting and meaningful for students and allows students to observe that history has continuities and changes that evolve over time.
Any time changes happen, there is a temptation to be reactionary and reject them. I have found that by being more deliberate about helping students make connections between historical events, their engagement and understanding has improved significantly. Teachers always are fighting that battle between covering the content (which is daunting in an AP course) and helping students understand the “so what?” question. Why does this matter to me? By making connections, students can see that history does not every happen in a vacuum. Our shared narrative is a series of events and ideas that continuously evolve and build off of each other. When students gain a firm understanding of how the past impacts their lives today, it makes learning way more meaningful and fun.
Synthesis is tough for students at first, particularly because they have little to connect with in the first period, but especially as you enter second semester, it is a skill application that can be perfected and improved to maximize your students’ chances of earning that point and rocking the AP exam.
Looking for AP US History practice?
Kickstart your AP US History prep with Albert. Start your AP exam prep today.
Ben Hubing is an educator at Greendale High School in Greendale, Wisconsin. Ben has taught AP U.S. History and AP U.S. Government and Politics for the last eight years and was a reader last year for the AP U.S. History Short Answer. Ben earned his Bachelors degree at The University of Wisconsin-Madison and Masters degree at Cardinal Stritch University in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.