Harvard Method Bibliography Template For Kids

A bibliography is a list of the resources you used to write your essay. There are lots of different methods of writing bibliographies, but most secondary schools and universities use the ‘Author-date' (Harvard) system.

When using this system, you need to include slightly different information for different types of resources:

Books

  • author's name – surname followed by first initial
  • year of publication of the edition you're using
  • title, in italics
  • publisher
  • place of publication, usually a city.

For example

One of the books used to write this site was Ned Kelly: a short life. It was written by Ian Jones in 2003, and published by Lothian Books in the suburb of South Melbourne in Victoria. In our references it appears as:

Jones, I 2003, Ned Kelly: a short life, Lothian Books, South Melbourne, Vic.

Magazines, newspapers & journals

  • author's name – surname followed by first initial, if there's a
  • year of publication
  • title of the article in single quote marks [‘...']
  • name of the publication, in italics
  • specific date, including volume number if applicable
  • page number.

For example

If there's no by-line and you don't know who wrote the article, record the:

title of the article

name of the newspaper

date

page number.

So your reference would look like:

‘Yorta people vow to fight on', The Age, 19 Dec 1998, p 8

Websites

  • name of the organisation or person who made the site
  • name of the site
  • date you looked at the site
  • complete web address

For example

If you used this site in an assignment you would reference it as:

State Library of Victoria, ergo, viewed 15 March 2011, <http://www.ergo.slv.vic.gov.au>

The main thing to remember about bibliographies and referencing is to be consistent. Check whether your teacher has a preferred system – if not, pick one and stick to it.

Guide to Harvard Citation Style

What is Harvard?

Harvard is an author-date citation style. There are two stages to using the Harvard citation style in your work:

1. An in-text citation is included in the text of your work whenever you refer to, paraphrase, or quote from a someone else’s work or ideas. Harvard requires, the author name(s) and year to appear within the text. For example:

  • One study (Bloggs 2001) found that… OR
  • A study by J. Bloggs (2001) found that…

Examples of how to cite in the text

2. A reference list giving full details of the works you have cited should be added at the end of your document. In Harvard style, the list is arranged alphabetically by author. Make sure that every citation in your text is included in the reference list.

Examples of how to reference different types of publication in Harvard style


You can use reference management software, such as EndNote, to quickly insert Harvard-style citations and references into your written work.

Note: Your citations will be included as part of your word count. Your references will not.

Author Names

Up to three author names can be included in the citation and in the reference. If there are four or more authors, you should include the first author name followed by et al.

Quotations

Direct quotes should be enclosed in quotation marks and page numbers included in the citation. For example:

  • 'The population has increased by 20% since 1970.’ (Smith 2017 p.13)

Longer quotes should be presented as a separate paragraph and indented.

Secondary Referencing

This is when you want to cite a publication that has been quoted in another publication, e.g. a statistic from a study by Smith has been quoted in a book by Brown.

Best practice is to try to obtain the primary source, the study by Smith, and include both sources in your citation and include references to both publications in your list of references. For example:

  • Smith found that 69% of the group were not aware of the policy (2016, cited in Brown 2017). OR
  • Smith (2016, quoted in Brown 2017) found that 69% of the group were not aware of the policy.

If you are unable to obtain the primary source, your citation should still include both sources (as above), but you would only include the secondary source in your reference list.

Tables and Diagrams

 A diagram or table, or data from either of these should be referenced in your work. The citation should include author, date, and page numbers.

  • The infant mortality rate for the region decreased by 5% between 1997 and 2001 (Jones 2012, p.5)

If the data is from another source, the rules for secondary sources apply.

  • 5% of children identified by the survey were registered disabled (Save the Children 2013 cited in Maryland 2016)


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